There’s no shortage of information out there if you’re looking for help to treat your skin right. But how do you decide which one to follow? To be sure, there is no one-solution-solves-all type of product in the market. There are several points to consider in your quest for the right skincare. The most important thing to know is your skin type so you’ll know what to look out for in your research.
Know Its Type, Treat It Right
The five common skin types are: normal, sensitive, dry, oily and combination. Before you can treat your skin right, you need to know its type and you can do this by blotting a clean tissue on your face in the morning. If you have normal skin, it will feel soft, smooth, supple and will not show any trace of sebum (oily secretion). For those with dry skin, the tissue will be clean but the face skin feels flaky and tight. Oily skin will leave blots of facial oil on the tissue due to the hyperactive sebaceous glands. Most women tend to have combination skin type with traces of oil on the nose and forehead but clean on the cheeks, mouth and eye areas. Sensitive skin is the most fragile and problematic type as it tends to be dry, tight, easily irritable and inflamed.
The Two Extremes
Normal skin has a good circulation, healthy complexion and requires minimum care as it is the least problematic type. Sensitive skin – inevitably – needs a special type of care as it can be due to allergies or skin conditions such as eczema or rosacea. Dermatologists believe that product misuse is a chief culprit as it can lead to inflammation. As such, it is imperative for those with sensitive skin to use cleansers, toners and moisturizers that are free from artificial fragrances and irritants such as alcohol, menthol, citrus oils or witch hazel.
If you have oily and acne-prone skin, experts recommend oil-based facial products because of their anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial and soothing compounds. Loaded with amino acids, antioxidants and vitamins, the nutrients help to hydrate, protect and heal skin without producing more oil or clogging the pores. American aesthetician Rita Csizmadia explains, “Oils nourish your skin, protect it from the sun and free radicals, and have antiseptic [properties].” By penetrating into two of the skin’s five layers, oil gives the skin a soothing and smoothing effect. Unfortunately, many people make the mistake of using “harsh and drying cleansers that strip the skin of ‘good’ oils on the skin surface” observes dermatologist Dr. Dhaval G. Bhanusali. A mix of treatments is needed for combination skin: creams and moisturizers for the dry zones and frequent and thorough cleaning for the oily areas. For dry skin, use a rich protective moisturizer and boost skin hydration with dietary complements such as the award-winning FIRST LIGHT Ceramides Skin Supplement.