Disodium EDTA

The primary function of disodium EDTA is to bind with metal ions from the hard water to prevent the metals from being deposited onto the hair, scalp and skin. The acid converts hard tap water to soft water which is gentler on the skin. A product that contains antioxidants like Vitamin E is reactive and binds to these free metal ions, reducing the efficacy of the product. Chelators like disodium EDTA protect the antioxidants present in formulations by binding with the free metals ions.

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Decyl Glucoside

In the personal care industry, decyl glucoside is used as a surfactant to lower the surface tension of the formulation, remove dirt and oils and stabilize the water and oil phases of the product. It is one of the few surfactants that is obtained from natural sources and does not leave the carcinogen ethylene oxide as a by-product of manufacturing. Toxin-free and biodegradable, decyl glucoside is also environment-friendly.

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Centella Asiatica Extract

The Indian Journal of Medicine describes gotu kola as a “potential herbal cure-all” due to its extensive use in Ayurvedic medicine to treat eczema, psoriasis, lupus and female disorders. Studies show that triterpenoid saponins in the plant (specifically asiaticoside, brahmoside, brahminoside, madecassoside and madecassic or madasiatic acid) accelerate wound healing by boosting antioxidants and increasing the blood supply to the bruised areas.

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Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride

Being a lightweight and non-greasy barrier of lubrication, caprylic/capric triglyceride are easily diffused on to and absorbed by the skin. As a dispersing agent, they enhance the delivery of vitamins, pigments and other active ingredients contained in the product. They also provide great stability to the product and resistance to premature aging processes like oxidation and can function as a biodegradable antimicrobial, antifungal, and antiviral agent.

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Calaguala

Fern contains high levels of antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals and prevent them from destroying the cells’ DNA, proteins, lipids and membranes. It also inhibits the formation of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers – a type of DNA damage induced by UVB rays – which helps to reduce ultraviolet-induced DNA mutations. Its extract suppresses the expression and activity of MMPs in dermal fibroblasts (manufacturer of collagen) and helps to maintain collagen levels in the skin and prevent the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

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Butylene Glycol

Butylene glycol is added to skincare products to increase their penetrability and boost the delivery of active compounds into the skin. As a humectant, butylene glycol draws moisture to the skin from the dermis and surrounding environment, providing the needed hydration to skin cells and potentially reduce the appearance of wrinkles.

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Brassica Oleracea Italica Extract

Topical applications of broccoli extract on animals and human volunteers galvanized the skin cells to step up production of enzymes that help act as a sunscreen to combat the damaging effects of UV rays. The Cancer Research journal reported a study that found the concentrated extract from broccoli sprouts halved the incidence of bladder tumors in animals. In 2010, the University of Michigan’s Comprehensive Cancer Center found that sulforaphane from broccoli extract “killed the cancer stem cells and prevented new tumors from growing” in cell cultures and in tests on animals. 

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Arginine

Studies have shown that arginine is a human growth hormone enhancer (HGH). Such hormones are known to increase epidermal thickness due to increased activity of fibroblasts. The HGH level decreases as a person grows old; arginine stimulates the body to produce more HGH to help keep the skin look younger and healthier.

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